The increase in the export value of champignons 2011-2020 - Poland
Champignons remain unquestionably at the top of Polish exports of vegetables (general category CN 07 - VEGETABLES AND CERTAIN edible roots and tubers). In 2020, these mushrooms (CN category 070951 - Mushrooms of the genus Agaricus, fresh or chilled) were in first place in terms of exports by volume, with a share of 16.2 per cent of total exports in CN category 07.
Below on the charts we present the evolution of Polish mushroom exports in terms of quantity and value.
The graphs show that while the peak of Polish mushroom exports in the decade under review was in 2018, the value of exports in this category remained in an upward trend. And this is very important information, indicating a change in the price reality in the mushroom market in the last two years, the period in which the coronavirus pandemic broke out. This is confirmed by the next graph showing the change in the average price in the period in question (understood as the quotient of export value by volume).
Here we can see a jump in the price of exported mushrooms in 2019 and 2020. It is thanks to the fact that the increase in costs caused by the pandemic was reflected in export prices that the upward trend in the value of exports of these mushrooms could be maintained, and this despite the decrease in the volume of these exports.
As far as the structure of mushroom exports during the decade in question is concerned, there have been major changes during this period, although there have also been constant points. These constants include the unchanging presence of countries such as Germany and the United Kingdom and, to a lesser extent, France as the leading importers of Polish mushrooms.
As far as changes are concerned, first of all we have the disappearance of Russia from the list of importers, which is a result of the embargo of 2014. Russia was the largest importer of Polish mushrooms in 2012 (43.1 thousand tonnes), and in 2011 and 2013 it was in second place.
Another change is the short career of Belarus as a large buyer of Polish mushrooms. It is about the period 2013-2018. In 2014, 2016-2017 Belarus was third in this ranking. It bought the most in 2016 - 25.7 thousand tonnes. For comparison, in 2020 it was only 1.1 thousand tonnes.
In the last two years, the leader of the list was Great Britain (which remained in the top three throughout the ten-year period). In 2020, 50.5 thousand tonnes of Polish mushrooms went there. The volume of export to Great Britain between 2011 and 2020 increased by 186 per cent.
In 2020, the second place in terms of volume was taken by Germany with the volume of 49.4 thousand tonnes (in the whole decade it was the first 7 times and the second 3 times). Export volume to Germany between 2011 and 2020 increased by 23.9 per cent.
In 2020, France was third in this ranking with a volume of 29.9 thousand tonnes (it was in the top ten 4 times throughout the decade, always in third place). Export volume to France between 2011 and 2020 increased by 82,0 per cent.
In value terms, the picture is slightly different. Germany was the clear leader in this respect during the period in question, ranking first nine times and second once (2019). In 2020, the value of exports to Germany amounted to PLN 415.7 million and was 55.4 per cent higher than in 2011.
Great Britain was second in terms of value in 2020 at PLN 415.4 million and the country was first once, second 7 times and third 2 times in the decade under discussion. The value of exports to Great Britain increased from 2011 to 2020 by 253 per cent!
Third in 2020 was France with 233.1 million PLN. It was third 7 times in the decade. The value of exports to this country between 2011 and 2020 increased by 118 per cent. Belarus was not at all on the podium in the value ranking, and Russia was second in 2011 and 2012, and third in 2013, which shows that prices obtained in the export to the East were significantly lower than in that to the countries of Western Europe.