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Fresh apple production 2021

Apple production is subject to considerable fluctuations worldwide due to the strong correlation of the apple harvest with the weather. It ranges from 70 to over 90 million tonnes. For the 2020/2021 season, the USDA has estimated the world apple harvest at around 76 million tonnes. Of which Europe accounts for around 12 million tonnes. China remains the world's biggest apple producer (estimates for 2020/2021 are 40.5 million tonnes, in good years the Chinese harvest exceeds 45 million tonnes). In the USA, production is expected to reach 4.6 million tonnes and in Turkey 4.3 million tonnes.

Europe

Fresh apples wholesale prices

Prices from date: Product
Product Min Price min. Max Price max. Unit Change
07.10.2022 POLAND Wholesale Market "Bronisze" in Warsaw
apple Buy access kilogram 0.0%
apple alwa Buy access kilogram 0.0%
apple antonówka Buy access kilogram -7.1%
apple celesta Buy access kilogram +12.3%
apple Cortland Buy access kilogram +4.8%
apple delikates Buy access kilogram 0.0%
apple empire Buy access kilogram 0.0%
apple Gala Buy access kilogram -9.1%
apple Gloster Buy access kilogram -9.1%
apple golden delicius Buy access kilogram -7.1%
apple jonagold Buy access kilogram -9.1%
apple jonagored Buy access kilogram -9.1%
apple ligol Buy access kilogram -9.1%
apple Lobo Buy access kilogram 0.0%
apple rubinstar Buy access kilogram -9.1%
apple šampion Buy access kilogram -9.1%
apple szara reneta Buy access kilogram 0.0%
07.10.2022 Skrwilno - municipal market
apple Buy access kg 0.0%
29.09.2022 ITALY, Ravenna
apple Gala gruppo 1kl Buy access k +0.8%
apple golden delicious 1kl caliber 70-75 Buy access k +0.5%
apple golden delicious 1kl caliber 75-80 Buy access k +0.9%
apple golden delicious 1kl caliber 80-85 Buy access k +0.8%
apple golden delicious wholesale Buy access k +0.7%
07.10.2022 ITALY-Forli'
apple fuji wholesale Buy access k 0.0%
apple Gala gruppo 1kl Buy access k +0.6%
apple golden delicious 1kl caliber 70-75 Buy access k -27.0%
apple golden delicious 1kl caliber 75-80 Buy access k -22.2%
apple golden delicious 1kl caliber 80-85 Buy access k -25.4%
06.10.2022 FRANCE Strasbourg
apple Gala France kl1 170/220g Buy access 1rg +0.9%
apple golden France kl1 170/220g Buy access 1rg +1.0%
apple granny smith France kl1 170/220g Buy access 2rg -0.5%
06.10.2022 FRANCE Rungis
apple elstar France kl1 80-85mm Buy access +0.7%
apple fuji France kl1 201/270g Buy access 1rg +0.6%
apple Gala France kl1 201/270g Buy access 1rg +0.6%
apple golden colo1-2 France kl1 201/270g Buy access 1rg +0.7%
apple golden France kl1 170/220g Buy access 2rg +0.6%
apple reine des reinettes France kl1 150/180g Buy access 2rg +0.7%
apple reine des reinettes France kl1 201/270g Buy access 1rg +0.6%
apple granny smith France kl1 201/270g Buy access 1rg +0.7%
apple złota renetafrance kl1 201/270g Buy access 1rg +0.6%
07.10.2022 FRANCE , Nantes
apple chantecler France kl1 150/180g Buy access 2rg +0.7%
apple chantecler France kl1 170/220g Buy access 2rg +0.7%
apple elstar France kl1 150/180g Buy access 2rg +0.6%
apple elstar France kl1 170/220g Buy access 1rg +0.7%
apple Gala France kl1 150/180g Buy access 2rg +0.7%
apple Gala France kl1 170/220g Buy access 2rg +0.7%
apple golden France kl1 115/150g Buy access box +0.7%
apple golden France kl1 150/180g Buy access 2rg +0.6%
apple golden France kl1 170/220g Buy access 2rg +0.7%
apple red boskop France kl1 170/220g Buy access 1rg +0.6%
apple reine des reinettes France kl1 150/180g Buy access 2rg +0.7%
apple reine des reinettes France kl1 170/220g Buy access 2rg +0.6%
apple granny smith France kl1 150/180g Buy access 2rg +0.7%
apple granny smith France kl1 170/220g Buy access 2rg +0.7%
apple złota renetafrance kl1 170/220g Buy access 2rg +0.7%
06.10.2022 FRANCE Lyon
apple Gala France kl1 136/200g Buy access box +0.7%
apple Gala France kl1 150/180g Buy access 2rg +0.7%
apple Gala France kl1 201/270g Buy access 1rg +0.6%
apple golden France kl1 136/200g Buy access box +0.7%
apple golden France kl1 150/180g Buy access 2rg +0.7%
apple golden France kl1 201/270g Buy access 1rg +0.6%
apple granny smith France kl1 201/270g Buy access 1rg +0.7%
apple złota renetafrance kl1 136/200g Buy access box +0.5%
apple złota renetafrance kl1 201/270g Buy access 1rg +0.7%
06.10.2022 FRANCE, Marseille
apple fuji France kl1 201/270g Buy access 1rg -11.6%
apple Gala France kl1 136/200g Buy access box +3.1%
apple Gala France kl1 201/270g Buy access 1rg +0.7%
apple golden France kl1 136/200g Buy access box -4.2%
apple golden France kl1 201/270g Buy access 1rg -12.9%
apple reine des reinettes France kl1 201/270g Buy access 1rg -5.8%
apple granny smith France kl1 201/270g Buy access 1rg +0.7%
apple pink lady import kl1 201/270g Buy access 1rg -3.3%
apple złota renetafrance kl1 201/270g Buy access 1rg -3.9%
06.10.2022 FRANCE, Perpignan
apple chantecler roussillon 170/220g Buy access kg +0.6%
apple chantecler roussillon 201/270g Buy access kg +0.7%
apple Gala 170/220g Buy access kg +0.6%
apple Gala 201/270g Buy access kg +0.5%
apple Gala 265/350g Buy access kg +0.7%
apple Gala roussillon 150/180g Buy access kg +0.8%
apple golden roussillon 170/220g Buy access kg +0.7%
apple golden roussillon 201/270g Buy access kg +0.5%
apple golden roussillon 265/350g Buy access kg +0.7%
apple reine des reinettes roussillon 170/220g Buy access kg +0.5%
apple reine des reinettes roussillon 201/270g Buy access kg +0.6%
apple reine des reinettes roussillon 265/350g Buy access kg +0.7%
apple złota renetaroussillon 170/220g Buy access kg +0.6%
apple złota renetaroussillon 201/270g Buy access kg +0.6%
apple złota renetaroussillon 265/350g Buy access kg +0.7%
05.10.2022 Germany, Munchen
apple braeburn Germany kl1 70-80mm Buy access box +0.6%
apple elstar Germany kl1 70-80mm Buy access box -3.6%
apple Gala Germany kl1 70-80mm Buy access box -3.4%
apple Gala italy kl1 70-80mm Buy access box +0.6%
apple golden italy kl1 70-75mm Buy access +4.4%
apple jonagold Germany kl1 70-80mm Buy access box -3.8%
apple red boskop Germany kl1 70-80mm Buy access box +4.5%
apple rubinette Germany kl1 70-80mm Buy access box -3.2%
apple granny smith France kl1 70-75mm Buy access +6.5%
apple granny smith italy kl1 70-75mm Buy access +4.8%
05.10.2022 GERMANY Berlin
apple braeburn Germany kl1 70-80mm Buy access kg +0.9%
apple braeburn nouvelle-zélande kl1 Buy access 18kg +0.9%
apple elstar Germany kl1 65-70mm Buy access box +0.9%
apple elstar Germany kl1 70-80mm Buy access box +0.9%
apple Gala Germany kl1 70-80mm Buy access kg +1.0%
apple Gala italy kl1 70-80mm Buy access box +0.9%
apple golden italy kl1 70-75mm Buy access +1.0%
apple jonagold Germany kl1 70-80mm Buy access box +0.9%
apple red boskop Germany kl1 70-80mm Buy access kg -7.6%
apple granny smith France kl1 75-80mm Buy access +0.9%
apple granny smith italy kl1 70-75mm Buy access +0.9%
07.10.2022 UKRAINE Wholesale market Shuvar in Lvov
apple champion (dom) Buy access kg -8.8%
apple florina (dom) Buy access kg 0.0%
apple renet (dom) Buy access kg -16.2%
30.09.2022 Chelmno municipal market
apple Buy access kg 0.0%
07.10.2022 Golub Dobrzyn municipal market
apple Buy access kg 0.0%
23.09.2022 Chelmza municipal market
apple Buy access kg +33.3%
04.10.2022 POLAND, Wholesale Market in Lublin Elizowka
apple antonówka Buy access kg -7.9%
apple celesta Buy access kg +23.7%
apple delikates Buy access kg -5.1%
apple ligol Buy access kg -14.9%
apple Lobo Buy access kg -14.9%
apple rose Buy access kg +9.3%
apple prince Buy access kg +10.9%
apple rubin Buy access kg -3.7%
apple sampion Buy access kg -14.9%
07.10.2022 Wabrzezno - municipal market
apple Buy access kg +14.3%
02.10.2022 Koronowo - municipal market
apple Buy access kg 0.0%
07.10.2022 Grudziądz - municipal market
apple (h) Buy access kg 0.0%
06.10.2022 Municipal market Inowrocław
apple Buy access kg -12.5%
apple (h) Buy access kg +25.0%
07.10.2022 POLAND, wholesale market Grudziandz
apple (h) Buy access kg 0.0%
07.10.2022 POLAND, Wholesale market Gielda Kaliska in Kalisz
apple Cortland domestic Buy access 15 kg -50.0%
apple delikates domestic Buy access 15 kg 0.0%
apple Gala domestic Buy access 15 kg 0.0%
apple golden delicius domestic Buy access 15 kg 0.0%
apple jonagored domestic Buy access 15 kg 0.0%
apple ligol domestic Buy access 15 kg 0.0%
apple Lobo domestic Buy access 15 kg -13.3%
apple reneta szara domestic Buy access 15 kg -18.8%
apple rubin domestic Buy access 15 kg 0.0%
apple shampion domestic Buy access 15 kg -9.1%
06.10.2022 POLAND, Wholesale Market Targpiast Wroclaw
apple domestic Buy access kg 0.0%
03.10.2022 POLAND, Wholesale market ZCH Rolhurt - Szczecin
apple Buy access kg 0.0%
apple green Buy access kg 0.0%
04.10.2022 POLAND Wholesale market Rybitwy - Kraków
apple dried Buy access kg 0.0%
jabłko: dostępne 15 gatunków Buy access kg 0.0%
07.10.2022 POLAND Wholesale market Mewat in Bydgoszcz
apple Buy access kg 0.0%
30.09.2022 POLAND, Wholesale market in Radom (RSRH)
apple Buy access kg 0.0%
07.10.2022 POLSKA, Wholesale Market "Zjazdowa" in Lodz
apple antonówka Buy access 15,00 kg 0.0%
apple Cortland Buy access 15,00 kg 0.0%
apple delikates Buy access 15,00 kg 0.0%
apple Gala Buy access 15,00 kg 0.0%
apple ko Buy access sztela 0.0%
apple ligol Buy access 15,00 kg 0.0%
apple Lobo Buy access 15,00 kg 0.0%
apple malinówka Buy access 15,00 kg 0.0%
apple paulared Buy access 15,00 kg 0.0%
apple sander Buy access 15,00 kg 0.0%
27.09.2022 POLAND, Wholesale Market in Sandomierz
jabłko  gala  Buy access   0.0%
jabłko  Lobo Buy access   0.0%
apple boskop Buy access kg -15.6%
apple champion Buy access  kg  0.0%
apple ligol Buy access kg -72.9%
07.10.2022 POLSKA, Wholesale Market in Poznan (WGRO)
apple antonówka Buy access box 15 kg 0.0%
apple celesta Buy access box 15 kg 0.0%
apple champion Buy access box 15 kg 0.0%
apple Cortland Buy access box 15 kg 0.0%
apple Gala baron Buy access box 15 kg 0.0%
apple Gala must Buy access box 15 kg 0.0%
apple ligol Buy access box 15 kg 0.0%
apple Lobo Buy access box 15 kg 0.0%
apple malinówka Buy access box 15 kg 0.0%
apple paula red Buy access box 15 kg 0.0%
apple red love Buy access box 15 kg 0.0%
apple rubin Buy access box 15 kg 0.0%
apple sunrise Buy access box 15 kg 0.0%
30.09.2022 ITALY, Wholesale market in Bologna
apple golden delicious wholesale Buy access k 0.0%
apple granny smith wholesale Buy access k 0.0%
apple stark delicious wholesale Buy access k -0.8%

Poland

Apple prices in packing houses/processing plants

Product Min Price min. Max Price max. Company Date Unit Change
apple juice Buy access SKUP - EKO-SAD 2022-10-07 kg -1.9%
apple drobne juice Buy access SKUP - EKO-SAD 2022-10-07 kg -1.3%
apple industrial Buy access SKUP - Gala Skup i Sprzedaż Owoców 2022-10-05 kg -3.0%
apple industrial Buy access SKUP - Rekpol Halina Rek 2022-10-07 kg -5.3%
apple industrial Buy access SKUP - Alco Witold Czwarno 2022-10-04 kg -12.8%
apple industrial Buy access SKUP - P.P.H.U. PETRUS Piotr Papiernik 2022-10-05 kg -5.7%
apple industrial Buy access SKUP - Czamar-trans Andrzej Czamara 2022-10-07 kg -6.8%
apple industrial Buy access SKUP - Skup owoców i warzyw K. Lesiak 2022-10-04 kg 0.0%
apple industrial Buy access OWOPOL-BIS 2 S.C. (przetw.) 2022-10-06 kg -5.3%
apple industrial Buy access SKUP - Skup owoców i warzyw A. Jackowska 2022-09-30 kg -11.1%
apple industrial Buy access PPHU Jabtar 2022-10-04 kg 0.0%
apple industrial Buy access Skup - Frutika Krzysztof Durka 2022-10-03 kg -2.9%
apple industrial Buy access SKUP - Pol-Wi Skup Owoców i Warzyw 2022-10-05 kg -2.9%
apple industrial Buy access SKUP - MD-Macierzyński 2022-10-07 kg -0.5%
apple industrial Buy access SKUP - Agro-Handel Jakubiuk FHZ 2022-10-03 kg 0.0%

Apples are the fruit of the trees of the domestic apple species. Over thousands of years of breeding, hundreds of varieties and sports of this species have been created. In Poland, nurseries offer for sale around 180 varieties of apple trees.

In Poland, the most popular dessert apples include: Golden Delicious, Gala, Red Jonaprince, Šampion, Ligol, Jonagold, Jonagored, Mutsu and completely almost specific to Poland compared to Western Europe - Idared. Among early varieties, which come to the domestic market in June, the leaders are. Early Geneva, Paulared and Piros and a little later Cortland and Lobo. Of the culinary varieties, Szara Reneta is the most popular, along with Boskoop.

Apples are eaten raw and have a huge variety of culinary uses. Fresh apples, like many fruits, are primarily a source of carbohydrates, including fibre. They also contain many water-soluble vitamins, but also vitamins and provitamins of fat-soluble vitamins (although not many). Apples also contain pectin.

There are many culinary applications of apples, also in Polish cuisine. For many of them specific varieties are used (e.g. sour apple for apple pie). In addition, apples, the so-called industrial apples, are used to produce apple juice concentrate and pressed apple juices and to make cider.

Poland is one of the world's leading apple producers and the largest in Europe. The Central Statistical Office estimates that Poland's apple production for the 2020/2021 season will reach 3.8 million tonnes. In the EU, Poland's main competitors in this field are Italy with a harvest of 2.1 million tonnes (WAPA estimates for the 2020/2021 season).

Poland is an important global player both in terms of dessert apples as well as industrial apples and apple juice concentrate production. Exports of fresh apples from Poland in 2020 amounted to 657 thousand tonnes and PLN 1.3 billion. The main buyers of Polish apples last year were Belarus (122 thousand tonnes), Germany (76 thousand tonnes) and Egypt (75 thousand tonnes). For political reasons, Russia, previously the largest buyer of Polish apples, has not bought Polish apples since 2014. A country that, despite the intensive development of orcharding in recent years, remained the largest importer of apples in the world (over 800 thousand tonnes per season).

As for the prices of apples on the Polish market, the purchase prices of dessert apples are strongly correlated with varieties. The purchase prices of the most popular varieties (Golden Delicious, Gala, Red Jonaprince) are at the beginning of March 2021 at 1.40-1.90 PLN/kg (depending also on the size). Idared or Gloster apples were bought at the beginning of March 2021 at 0.90-1.10 zł/kg. Export sales prices in the first part of the 20202021 season had an average level of 1.86 PLN/kg (December 2020). Industrial apple purchase prices, depending on raw material category, ranged (March 20201) from 0.40 PLN/kg (regular industry) through 0.55-0.60 PLN/kg (dry industry) to 0.70-00.75 PLN/kg (dry industry Golden Delicious).

The natural ripening of apples usually takes place from the end of August to mid-October, while the apple trade usually lasts all year round: for this reason also the wholesale of apples and the import/export of apples are very profitable markets; in fact, the natural preservation of the fruit varies greatly from one variety to another. However, due to the high organic acid content, storage can last from one to four months. Therefore, the fruit can always be put up for sale at the fruit and vegetable market. For the industrial storage and processing of apples, the physical conditions are important: in fact, apples must be stored at a temperature of between 1.0 and 3.5° C after harvesting and the humidity must be kept at between 59%. i 68%. For longer warehouses, controlled-atmosphere cold stores are needed, where apples are stored until they are ready for the fruit and vegetable trade and thus for wholesale, apple importers, apple exporters and certified apple farms. The apple has great antioxidant properties and contains important vitamins such as vitamin A, vitamins B1, B2, B6, E and C, niacin and folic acid, as well as flavonoids and carotenoids, which also have antioxidant effects.
Apples are used in all sectors, from fruit and vegetables to cosmetics: they are mainly used for table consumption, which can be immediate or by preparing tasty recipes. However, the apple is also suitable for other countless purposes: industrial-scale distribution through apple wholesalers, apple importers and exporters, and certified fruit and vegetable farms distributing and processing apples for various purposes. ; consumption of table apples and cosmetic use for the production of beauty creams. The industrial use of apples concerns the production, distribution and sale of apples, especially for the confectionery industry, for which many apples of the varieties Golden delicious, Rome Beauty, 'Costa's Trade', 'Imperatore' and 'Blanche Neve' are suitable.Apples are also used for apple juice, cider, apple kernel oil (obtained as a by-product of apple juice and cider production and often used in Northern European countries), distilled alcohol and fermented products.The apple label is essential as it ensures compliance with strict standards on chemical use; it is good practice to look out for the increasingly common organic apples or apples with well-known trademarks, while it is better to avoid 'anonymous' apples, especially considering out-of-season apple varieties.The apple is a true natural remedy and an effective ally in the prevention of pathologies and disorders, since it is free of fats and proteins and provides few sugars (10g per 100g of fruit) and calories (on average 40g per 100g of apple) ). On the other hand, apples are rich in mineral salts and B vitamins, which are good for the intestinal mucosa and mouth, combat nail and hair depletion and help overcome fatigue and lack of appetite. Citric acid and malic acid, also present in this fruit, contribute to the health of the body by facilitating digestion and keeping the acidity of the digestive tract unchanged. However, the advantages of the apple are not endless: the apple is in fact the most suitable fruit for diabetics because it contains fructose, which is metabolised without insulin, and a percentage of fibre, including pectin, a substance which helps maintain glycaemic control by slowing down the absorption of sugar. The apple also helps you breathe better thanks to vitamin C; it fights bad cholesterol (LDL) and, thanks to pectin, supports so-called "good" cholesterol (HDL).It also prevents cardiovascular diseases and cancer, thanks to the presence of antioxidants, including bioflavonoids.The apple is a legitimate presence on the world fruit and vegetable market and, apart from Italy, Asia, Russia and Europe are also important in the production and distribution of apples; apple producer organisations are set to play an important role in Europe: in fact, these are good times for them thanks to a marketing policy led by the European Union.

World apple production reaches over 63 million tonnes, while Italian apple production is 2142,000 tonnes: 46% comes from Alto Adige (978,000 tonnes) which, with 18,000 hectares under cultivation, is the cradle of European apple production and distribution.Apple producers have been privileged to grow this fruit worldwide, not least by attaching great importance to the best varieties and renewing apple varieties.