Tomato - a species of plant in the Solanaceae family native to South or Central America. Edible are the fruits of this plant, which are classified as vegetables in the commercial classification.
Tomatoes are a valuable source of potassium, beta-carotene (provitamin A), vitamins C and E. They are low in calories - 22 kcal per 100 grams. Tomato consumption in Poland is about 10 kg per person, while in the EU the average is about 14 kg per person.
In Poland, tomatoes are produced in the open ground and greenhouse tomatoes. In 2019, open-ground tomatoes were grown in Poland on 10,000 hectares, with a harvest of 240,500 tonnes. Greenhouse tomatoes were grown in Poland in 2019 on 21 thousand square metres, and their harvest amounted to 677 thousand tonnes. Greenhouse tomatoes in Poland are grown all year round, but the main season is May-October
The price of tomatoes is strongly seasonally correlated. The lowest prices apply at the peak of the domestic season, when greenhouse and open-field production accumulates on the market. The highest prices are in winter, when imported tomatoes dominate the market. It is mainly imported to Poland from Spain.
In 2020, wholesale prices for greenhouse tomatoes in the peak season were relatively high. They did not go below the level of 1.00 PLN/kg for the average price. However, there have been seasons in the last decade when the average price at peak supply fell to around 0.60 zlotys per kg. Prices of ground tomatoes depend on their destination - for the fresh market or for processing. Those of better quality going to the fresh market were priced at between £1.40 and £1.50/kg on average in the small wholesale market at the peak of the 2019 season.
Exports of fresh tomatoes from Poland amounted to around 73,000 tonnes in 2019, with the following countries being the biggest buyers: Germany, Belarus, the United Kingdom. In turn, 159 thousand tonnes of fresh tomatoes were imported to Poland in 2019, and the largest suppliers were: Spain, the Netherlands and Morocco.