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Potatoes

Potatoes are tubers of the Solanaceae family of plants (whereby the name "potato" refers to the entire plant). More than 1000 varieties of potatoes are grown worldwide. Since the 19th century, potatoes have been one of the cornerstones of the daily diet of Europeans.

Contrary to popular belief, potatoes are not excessively calorific. In 100 g they contain around 80 kcal. They do not contain fat. Potatoes are a valuable source of vitamin C. There may not be much of it in them - 14 mg/100 g, but it is a vitamin which is not destroyed during thermal processing and besides, potato portions are relatively large.

In terms of application, potatoes are divided into edible, industrial and fodder potatoes. The former are divided into three culinary types:

A - salad potatoes, i.e. firm, with a relatively low starch content. For salads, grilled and roasted.

B - medium-hard, with a higher starch content. To be boiled in water and fried as chips, also to be used in soups and for pancakes.

C - floury, with a fairly high starch content. For mashed potatoes, stuffing, potato cakes, dumplings and for thickening food.

Europe

Potatoes wholesale prices

Prices from date: Product
Product Min Price min. Max Price max. Unit Change
30.07.2021 POLAND Wholesale Market "Bronisze" in Warsaw
potatoes Buy access kg 0.0%
potatoes IRGA Buy access kg 0.0%
potatoes variety iris Buy access kg 0.0%
25.07.2021 POLAND, Wholesale market ZCH Rolhurt - Szczecin
potatoes Buy access 15 kg -16.7%
29.07.2021 FRANCE Strasbourg
potatoes chair ferme charlotte France kl1 35-50mm carton 12,5kg Buy access kg -0.2%
potatoes chair normale divvarcons France myte kl1 filet 10kg consommation Buy access kg -0.3%
potatoes chair normale divvarcons France myte kl1 filet 5kg Buy access kg -0.2%
28.07.2021 Germany, Munchen
potatoes berber primeur Germany kl1 +35mm Buy access 25kg -6.5%
potatoes chair ferme divvarcons primeur Germany kl1 +35mm Buy access 25kg -10.2%
potatoes chair normale sieglinde primeur italy myte kl1 Buy access 25kg +3.6%
potatoes divvarcons primeur cypr kl1 Buy access 25kg -20.7%
28.07.2021 GERMANY Berlin
potatoes berber primeur Germany kl1 +35mm Buy access 25kg +1.3%
potatoes chair ferme divvarcons primeur cypr kl1 Buy access 25kg -0.2%
potatoes chair ferme divvarcons primeur Germany kl1 +35mm Buy access 25kg -0.2%
29.07.2021 France Rungis
potatoes basique divvarcons France myte kl1 40-70mm Buy access 10kg -0.3%
potatoes chair ferme charlotte France kl1 carton 12,5kg Buy access kg +58.5%
potatoes chair ferme divvarcons noirmoutier myte kl1 grenaille cagette Buy access kg -0.2%
potatoes spunta italy kl1 +35mm Buy access 10kg -0.3%
30.07.2021 FRANCE , Nantes
potatoes basique divvarcons France non myte kl1 40-70mm Buy access 10kg 0.0%
potatoes basique France myte kl1 40-70mm Buy access 10kg 0.0%
potatoes chair ferme charlotte France myte kl1 carton 12,5kg Buy access kg 0.0%
potatoes chair ferme europa France kl1 55-75mm Buy access 25kg 0.0%
potatoes divvarcons primeur noirmoutier myte kl1 +35mm carton 12,5kg Buy access kg 0.0%
29.07.2021 FRANCE Lyon
potatoes agata France myte kl1 50-75mm Buy access 10kg -0.4%
potatoes chair ferme celtiane France myte kl1 carton 12,5kg Buy access kg -0.2%
potatoes chair ferme charlotte France kl1 carton 12,5kg Buy access kg -0.2%
potatoes chair ferme linzer délicatess France myte kl1 +35mm Buy access kg -0.2%
potatoes chair ferme linzer délicatess France myte kl1 17-35mm Buy access kg -0.2%
potatoes chair ferme linzer délicatess France myte kl1 28-35mm Buy access kg -0.2%
potatoes chair ferme spunta italy catii Buy access kg -0.3%
potatoes chérie France kl1 carton 12,5kg Buy access kg -0.2%
29.07.2021 FRANCE, Marseille
potatoes chair ferme celtiane France myte kl1 carton 12,5kg Buy access kg -3.6%
potatoes chair normale amandine France myte kl1 +35mm carton 12,5kg Buy access kg +30.1%
potatoes chérie France myte kl1 +35mm carton 12,5kg Buy access kg +19.8%
potatoes spunta italy kl1 40-75mm cagette Buy access kg +10.4%
potatoes with przechowalni myte France kl1 +50mm Buy access 15kg -0.2%
29.07.2021 Perpignan
potatoes bea Buy access kg -0.2%
potatoes celtiane roussillon Buy access kg -0.2%
potatoes monalisa Buy access kg -0.2%
potatoes rubis roussillon Buy access kg +66.2%
20.07.2021 UKRAINE Wholesale market Shuvar in Lvov
potato (dom) Buy access kg 0.0%
27.07.2021 POLAND, Wholesale Market in Lublin Elizowka
potato early domestic Buy access kg -1.2%
30.07.2021 POLAND Wholesale market Rybitwy - Kraków
potato Buy access kg 0.0%
potato early polski Buy access kg 0.0%
potato early zagraniczny Buy access kg 0.0%
30.07.2021 POLAND Wholesale market Mewat in Bydgoszcz
potatoes early Buy access kg 0.0%
30.07.2021 POLAND, Wholesale market Gielda Kaliska in Kalisz
potato early domestic Buy access 15kg 0.0%
30.07.2021 POLAND, Wholesale Market Targpiast Wroclaw
potatoes Buy access kg 0.0%
potatoes early / domestic Buy access kg 0.0%
23.07.2021 POLAND, Wholesale market PCRT in Bialystok
potato Buy access kg 0.0%
potato młody pl Buy access kg 0.0%
29.07.2021 POLAND, Wholesale Market in Sandomierz
potato early Buy access  kg 0.0%
23.07.2021 POLSKA, Wholesale Market "Zjazdowa" in Lodz
potato early drobny Buy access 15,00 kg 0.0%
29.07.2021 POLSKA, Wholesale Market in Poznan (WGRO)
potatoes early Buy access bag 15 kg 0.0%
23.07.2021 POLAND, Wholesale market in Radom (RSRH)
potatoes Buy access kg -14.8%
potatoes early Buy access kg -4.0%

Poland

Potatoes fresh-market quotation

Prices from date: 30.07.2021
Product Min Price min. Max Price max. Unit Change
potatoes early Buy access kg 0.0%
potatoes early irga Buy access kg 0.0%

Poland

Potatoes retail prices in supermarkets

Prices from date: Product
Product Min Price min. Max Price max. Unit Change
30.07.2021 Supermarket A
potatoes kulinarne Buy access 2 kg -0.3%
potatoes Buy access 2 kg -0.3%
potatoes sałatkowe variety belana Buy access 2 kg -0.2%
potatoes sweet - variety beauregart Buy access 500 g -0.1%
30.07.2021 Supermarket C
potatoes for cooking "jakość with natury " Buy access 0.0%
potatoes wczesne weighted Buy access 0.0%

Potato production 2020

Potato production in Poland has fluctuated quite a lot in recent years, interestingly with a fairly stable area under cultivation of this vegetable, which oscillates around 300,000 hectares. In 2019, the potato harvest in Poland amounted to 6.6 million tonnes. Estimates for the 2020 harvest are 8.9 million tonnes. Poland is one of the leading potato producers in Europe and the world. The world leader in this respect is China with a production of 90 million tonnes (2018 data), followed by India (49 million tonnes) and Ukraine (just under 23 million tonnes), which overtook Russia in 2018. Poland in the world ranking is (with good harvests around 9 million tonnes) in 8th-9th position. Of the EU countries, only Germany is ahead of us with a production of 10-11 million tonnes.

Potato import exports 2019

With such a strong production position, Poland is a surprisingly small player in fresh potato exports. In 2019, it was just 26,000 tonnes. In comparison, sales abroad of potatoes from Germany, with relatively little more production, even reach more than 1 million tonnes of potatoes. As for imports of fresh potatoes, they remain significantly larger than exports. In 2019, it amounted to 257,000 tonnes.

Potato trade in Poland 2020 - 2021

In terms of trade, the domestic potato season is divided into two phases. The first, when early potatoes come onto the market, starts at wholesale level in May and lasts until August. Then we have the main marketing season, when later varieties from the main autumn harvest are traded.

As far as domestic edible potato prices are concerned, they are strongly correlated with the size of the harvest. This is due to the specific nature of the Polish potato market, with little export and significant imports. Imports that are sometimes repackaged and sold as domestic potatoes.

In the 2019/2020 season, when harvests were low, potato prices in the first part of the season were record highs (the average at the large wholesaler for yellow potatoes was £1.10/kg in September 2019; £0.94/kg in November and £1.17/kg in December and January). In the latter part (after January) they remained high, but already lower than even the late winter and spring of 2019. In 2020/2021, with a significantly higher harvest, prices are much lower. The average price at large wholesalers did not exceed 0.36 PLN/kg in January 2021.